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Canada Immigration 2022
Canada Immigration 2022 – Despite the global coronavirus pandemic, Canada has set a target of welcoming over 400,000 new immigrants every year, between 2022-2024.
Canada offers one of the world’s most open and dynamic immigration systems. There are over 100 different Canadian immigration pathways for skilled workers, business people, and families. This comprehensive CanadaVisa page helps you explore which options may be best for you.
Overview and COVID-19
Do you want to immigrate to Canada? Then you’ve come to the right place. CanadaVisa will help you figure out how you can make your Canada dream come true.
People choose to immigrate to Canada for many reasons. Whether it’s to pursue a high-quality education, to feel secure with free universal healthcare, or to benefit from Canada’s high quality of life, Canada’s got it all.
There are over 100 different ways to immigrate to Canada. For that reason, everyone’s path to Canadian immigration will be unique.
For example, there are many different ways for professionals and workers to qualify for a Canada Immigration permanent resident visa. The most prominent option is through Express Entry, which is Canada’s main pathway for economic class skilled workers. Your best bet to be eligible under Express Entry is to meet the requirements of either the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) or Canadian Experience Class (CEC). Canada’s second largest pathway for skilled workers is the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). Nearly every province and territory operate the PNP so they can select immigrants that meet the needs of their local job markets. The third major option is immigrating to the province of Quebec, which operates notable pathways such as the Quebec Skilled Worker Program and the Quebec Experience Class.
If you want to obtain Canadian permanent residence as a business immigrant, you have a number of options such as the Federal Self-Employed Program, the Start-up Visa, and entrepreneur programs operated under the PNP and by Quebec.
Canada offers a number of family class sponsorship programs. Through these programs, Canadian citizens and permanent residents may sponsor family members and loved ones for Canadian immigration.
LGBTQ2 individuals and couples are afforded the same rights and opportunities as other persons when it comes to immigration to Canada.
COVID-19: Impact on Canada’s Immigration System
The global coronavirus pandemic is impacting Canada’s immigration system. Nonetheless, since the start of the pandemic, the Canadian government has maintained a strong commitment to processing immigration applications to the best of its ability. The department of Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) continues to welcome new immigration applications and is processing as many of them as it can so that immigrants can come to Canada during and after the pandemic. Express Entry draws continue to occur approximately every two weeks with candidates all over the world receiving permanent residence invitations.
Moreover, the pandemic has led to Canada strengthening its commitment to immigration. Near the end of 2020, Canada announced it will increase its annual immigration target to over 400,000 new immigrants per year, which is the highest level in its history. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, Canada’s target was over 340,000 new immigrants per year.
Why Does Canada Need Immigrants?
Canada welcomes immigrants under three classes: the economic class, family class, and refugee and humanitarian class.
Skilled workers are welcomed under the economic class to support Canada’s high living standards. Canada has an aging population and low birth rate, so most of the immigrants it welcomes are skilled workers. Canada needs these skilled workers to support its labor force and economic growth. These skilled workers arrive with strong language skills, work experience, education, and a desire to succeed. Hence, they play a vital role in Canada’s efforts to support economic growth and social services such as education and universal health care.
The second largest immigrant class arrives through family sponsorship. Canada welcomes the loved ones of Canadian citizens and permanent residents since strong families are the bedrock of Canada’s society and economy. Allowing close family members to build a life in Canada provides families with the emotional support they need to thrive in the country’s society and economy.
The third largest class are welcomed as refugees and for humanitarian purposes. As one of the world’s most privileged nations, Canada has a moral obligation to provide safety to those fleeing persecution and other hardship, and Canada has a long tradition since the end of the Second World War of demonstrating humanitarian leadership. In 1986, the United Nations awarded the people of Canada the Nansen Medal, which is the UN’s highest honor for those who demonstrate excellence in helping refugees. Canada remains the first and only country to receive the Nansen Medal.
Why Do Canadians Support Immigration?
One of the most unique things about Canada is it reports some of the strongest levels of public support for immigration in the world. Since the early 1990s, public support for immigration in Canada has steadily increased. Today, some 80 percent of Canadians agree that immigration is beneficial to the economy. The strong public support allows the Canadian government to target the arrival of over 400,000 new immigrants per year.
Public support for immigration in Canada is due to the following factors:
History: Canada has a history of immigration. British and French settlers joined Canada’s Indigenous peoples to build the country. Since Canada’s Confederation in 1867, it has welcomed millions of immigrants from all corners of the globe. Hence, other than Canada’s Indigenous peoples, all Canadians are immigrants or the descendants of immigrants. As the saying goes at the Canadian Museum of Immigration in Halifax, Nova Scotia, “A Canadian is an immigrant with seniority.”
Geography: Canada is able to exercise great control over who enters the country since it is surrounded by vast bodies of water and only shares its border with one country, the United States. The strong control allows Canada to screen people before they enter the country to make sure they meet Canada’s policy goals.
Policy: Canada invests billions of dollars each year in welcoming immigrants and providing them with settlement supports such as job training. In addition, Canada invests billions in education, health care, infrastructure, and other important areas to keep living standards high for Canadians and immigrants.
Politics: Canada’s largest cities and provinces have high levels of immigration. Politicians need support from immigrants in order to win democratic elections.
Skilled Worker Immigration Pathways
Under its Immigration Levels Plan, Canada aims to welcome over 400,000 immigrants annually. Some 60 percent of these immigrants arrive as skilled workers. The primary way skilled workers can immigrate to Canada is through the Express Entry application management system. The second primary way is through the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), followed by Quebec’s skilled worker programs, and then a few other targeted federal programs.
Skilled Workers Can Move to Canada with their Family
Skilled workers can also bring close family members with them to Canada. These family members also gain permanent resident status.
Close family members include:
- your spouse or common-law partner
- dependent children
- dependent children of your spouse or common-law partner
- dependent children of dependent children
Dependent children are:
- under 22 years old and not a spouse or common law partner
- 22 years of age or older, depended significantly on financial support from their parents before the age of 22, and can not support themselves financially due to a physical or mental condition
Express Entry for Canada Immigration 2022
Express Entry is Canada’s main way of managing skilled worker applications through the three main economic class immigration programs:
- Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
- Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
- Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
Candidates who are eligible for Express Entry can upload their profile onto the federal government’s website.
Candidates receive a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score based on criteria such as their age, education, language skills, and work experience.
Approximately every two weeks, Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) invites candidates with the highest CRS scores to apply for permanent residence.
IRCC aims to process permanent residence applications in six months or less.
Under its Immigration Levels Plan, Canada seeks to welcome an average of 110,000 immigrants through Express Entry each year.
Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
Through the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP), Canada’s provinces and territories can nominate people who wish to immigrate to Canada and reside in a particular province. Canada seeks to welcome over 80,000 immigrants per year under the PNP.
All provinces and territories, except for Quebec and Nunavut, have their own PNP. Each province determines its own criteria for choosing eligible candidates. PNPs operate Expression of Interest (EOI) systems, similar to Express Entry, and invite the highest scoring candidates in regular draws.
You do not need to have an Express Entry profile to apply. You can apply directly to a PNP stream. These are called ‘base’ streams.
You can also apply to PNP streams that are aligned with Express Entry. These are called ‘enhanced’ streams. The benefit of applying to an enhanced stream is that it gives you more options.
Receiving a provincial nomination through these streams awards Express Entry candidates an additional 600 Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points. This practically guarantees to receive an invitation to apply for permanent residence in a subsequent Express Entry draw.